Christmas in Ireland: Irish Customs & Traditions
Christmas traditions vary the world over. The Christmas season in Ireland is a beautiful and fun-filled affair. There are several events, traditions, and customs during Christmastime which make this an enchanting time of the year. Though Irish Christmas does share some similarities with Christmas in USA and England, there are some traditions that are uniquely Irish and make Christmas there an amazing experience.
In many countries, holiday events occur before Christmas and continue on up until Christmas day, when the festivities end. However, Christmas is different in Ireland. The festivities start very close to Christmas day and continue afterward up until the New Year and beyond.
If you're looking to celebrate Christmas in Ireland or are planning on incorporating Irish traditions into holidays in your own country, this guide will show you everything there is to know about Irish holiday traditions.
Preparing for Christmas
Homes in Ireland are fully cleaned from top to bottom in preparation for the Christmas season. Mantles are often decorated with holly and mistletoe is hung in doorways. According to tradition, you're supposed to kiss another while you're under the mistletoe. This tradition is not only popular in Ireland, but in many other countries including the US.
Irish families do decorate yards and trees as well, much like in America and England. Whole neighborhoods will put up lights, trying to outdo one another with Christmas cheer. The trees are often decorated with holly and ribbons, and set near the windows to allow them to be seen by passersby.
Advent Calendars are a popular item among Irish children. Beginning the first day of Advent and every day thereafter, a little door is opened in the calendar and a chocolate or small toy is revealed. This is a fun way for children to count down the days until Santa comes.
During the holiday season, it is common for families to give a small gift of money to those who perform regular services (such as the postman). This giving is to show appreciation to those who do for others. The amount may not be much, but if every family gives a little it adds up quickly for these service workers, giving them a pretty good Christmas Bonus.
Ireland is a predominantly Roman Catholic country and, as with many other Roman Catholic areas of the world, Christmas mass is on the night of Christmas Eve instead of the morning of Christmas. It is usually conducted and midnight and everyone who attends the mass is given a candle, blessed by the bishop of the church, to light.
Children do not leave out stockings, but sacks to be filled with toys on Christmas morning. After dinner is eaten on Christmas Eve, it is common for families to set aside milk and bread (or mince pies and Guinness) as a sign of hospitality. Another tradition is to leave the door unlatched (I don't really recommend it, though). This could be a part of the tradition of the lighted window.
A lit candle, decorated with sprigs of holly, is left in a window overnight. This is symbolic, as are many traditions, of the days of yore when candles left in windows would help light the way of any traveler's passing by. As a candle left in a window overnight isn't the safest idea, today many families use an electric candle which plugs into the wall. Electric candles are significantly safer than their wax counterparts.
Christmas in Ireland
Nollaig Shona Dhuit (that's 'Merry Christmas' in Irish Gaelic!) Christmas day in Ireland is focused more on the religious holiday than the more secular style Christmas celebrated in other countries. That said, children do receive gifts from Santa.
A white Christmas is highly desirable, but snowfall in Ireland is fairly light, so a snow-filled holiday doesn't always happen.
Christmas day is a time for families, so gatherings are often quite large. Dinner is generally served early in the afternoon instead of later at night. The main course of the meal is usually a goose, chicken, or a turkey. Sides include stuffing, gravy, and, of course, potatoes. This is usually the largest meal of the year for many. Dessert is usually a Christmas pudding with a rum-based sauce. Some families have what they refer to as “American biscuit tins,” tin cans full of layers of cookies. The rule when eating from the biscuit tin is that the first layer must be completed before anyone can start on the second layer.
St. Stephen's Day & The Wren Boys
St. Stephen's Day is so close to Christmas that it bears mentioning. This holiday falls on December 26th (this is the same day as Boxing Day in the UK.)
The story goes that a wren gave away St. Stephen's presence when he was hiding away and he was caught and killed. Wrens have since been referred to as “the Devils Birds.” Because of this, "wren boys" go door to door in what is known as the "Wren Boys Procession" caroling for treats while carrying a dead wren on a stick. Today, the wren is not an actual dead bird, but rather a representation made of plastic or rubber.
Fun Christmas Traditions in Ireland
Many Irish Christmas traditions have been carried over from our ancestors, though some newer ones have cropped up recently. Time-honored classic traditions include the Christmas mass, the lighted window, and the decorations. Some of the newer traditions are a bit more diverse, but fun.
The tradition of wearing truly awful Christmas sweaters has popped up recently in Ireland. These are worn with pride on Christmas day, for everyone to see; the uglier, more decorated, hairier, more outrageous, the better. People will try to outdo each other with their terrible sweater designs, but it all just adds to the fun of the season.
In and around Dublin, it is a common occurrence for families to sit and read “The Dead,” a short story from James Joyce’s “The Dubliners.” This is basically an Irish version of A Christmas Carol, which highlights the magic of life and death.
One of the more bizarre Irish Christmas traditions is that of the Christmas day swim, in which you will find people from all over the country leaping into the sea, wearing nothing but their swimsuits and a Santa hat. It is very much like the Polar Bear swim done in some of the colder states in America. The waters are usually around 10 C (50 F) during this time of year, but the surrounding air outside of the water is much colder. There is no real explanation for this tradition, it just is, but it is a fun one to witness.
St. Stephen’s day also has a horse race every year. St. Stephen is the patron saint of horses after all; why not enjoy a derby on his day? It is unknown if St. Stephen is responsible for this tradition, or the crowds of 20,000 or more people who attend the event is what keeps it going.
Perhaps the best Irish Christmas tradition is the one that doesn’t take place until after the New Year. On January 6th, Ireland celebrates the Feast of Epiphany or 'Nollaigh na mBean'. This is, essentially, Women’s Christmas, in which women are encouraged to take the day to themselves to relax, shop, go to a spa, or whatever else their heart desires. Men are expected to do all the housework in their stead.
Christmas in Ireland is a fun-filled time that focuses on families, food, and the religious significance of the holiday. There are many cultural aspects of this holiday as well as age-old traditions that make the Irish celebration of Christmas intriguingly unique and generally a blast.
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© 2011 Melanie Palen