How to Celebrate New Year's Like a Russian

Updated on September 20, 2019
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Lana is a published writer and editor who helps aspiring authors take their writing to the next level.

Learn about the history and traditions of New Year's in Russia.
Learn about the history and traditions of New Year's in Russia.

No holiday induces the same carnivalesque frenzy as the Russian New Year, which is a combination of Christmas, New Year’s and Winter Solstice traditions fused together with maudlin nostalgia for the Soviet Union.

It's truly an experience, and it's probably the best time to visit Russia. But in case you're still saving up for those transatlantic plane tickets, here's a sneak peek of Russia's most beloved holiday.

Comical but fairly accurate depiction of a Russian New Year's party.
Comical but fairly accurate depiction of a Russian New Year's party. | Source

New Year's History in Russia

This holiday dates back to the third millennium BC and was known to the people of ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, Rome, Persia and China.

In Russia, it was traditionally associated with spring and renewal, so until the 15th century, it was celebrated on March 1. Then the date moved to September 1, and finally, to January 1, when czar Peter the Great decided to drastically westernize Russia. At that point, it wasn't the major celebration it is today.

During the communist era (1917–1990s), all religious holidays were banned, so Christmas was no more, and even New Year's fell by the wayside. But the communists soon realized that while you can stomp out religion by destroying temples and sacred texts, you can't just as easily take away people's favorite holidays and traditions. So the compromise was to resurrect New Year's as a secular holiday that would perpetuate old Christmas traditions without the religious mumbo-jumbo.

Winter Wonderland in Moscow, Russia.
Winter Wonderland in Moscow, Russia. | Source

Today, New Year's has the status of the holiday supreme and is celebrated for at least 2 weeks (December 31–January 14). Every major city has New Year festivals, concerts, fairs and other celebratory events. The streets are transformed with trees, lights and decorations.

And every year at 23:55 pm, the President addresses the nation.

President of Russia Vladimir Putin addresses the nation on New Year's Eve.
President of Russia Vladimir Putin addresses the nation on New Year's Eve. | Source

Russian New Year's Traditions and Beliefs

Every Russian knows this New Year's axiom:

The way you meet the new year is the way you will spend it ("Как Новый год встретишь, так его и проведешь.").

As a result, many Russian holiday traditions are derived from that belief. For example:

  • New Year's Day has to be joyous and festive, free from worries and arguments. Forgive those who've wronged you, repay your debts, clean the house. This way, you will start the new year with a clean slate.
  • In addition to cleansing the soul and the house, it's customary to purify the body. For that reason, on December 31, many Russians go to banya (Russian saunas) or at least take a hot bath.
  • The holiday feast is not just for indulgence's sake. It's believed that an abundant table with the best variety of dishes and refreshments symbolizes prosperity and well-being in the coming year. If the food is scarce and ordinary, the year will be "famished."
  • It's also a bad omen to sleep through New Year's—then the year will be "sleepy" and uneventful.

Precisely at midnight, people toast with champagne and make wishes for the upcoming year.
Precisely at midnight, people toast with champagne and make wishes for the upcoming year. | Source
  • To properly meet the new year, you have to say goodbye to the old year. So before midnight, usually around 10 pm, everyone gathers at the table to discuss the year that's ending, to revisit its best moments, and to wish each other good luck and new achievements in the coming year.
  • It's also believed that to honor the new year, it's best to wear new clothes, or at least new underwear. That's why underwear, socks, t-shirts etc. are popular presents.
  • When the clock starts striking midnight at the Kremlin's Spasskaya Tower, it's time to toast with champagne and make wishes. To make sure that the wish comes true, you need to write it down on a scrap of paper, burn it, throw the ashes into the champagne glass and drink it—all before the clock strikes 12!

How to Say "Happy New Year!" in Russian

  • “S novym godom!” or
  • “S prazdnikom!” (“Happy holiday!”) or
  • “S nastupayushchim!” (“Happy upcoming year!”)
  • Reply: “I vas takzhe!” (And you too!)

Click thumbnail to view full-size
People dressed up as Ded Moroz and Snegurochka.Soviet-era New Year's postcard.
People dressed up as Ded Moroz and Snegurochka.
People dressed up as Ded Moroz and Snegurochka. | Source
Soviet-era New Year's postcard.
Soviet-era New Year's postcard.

Ded Moroz (The Russian Spin on Santa Claus)

Ded Moroz (Grandpa Frost) is another version of the legendary Saint Nicholas a.k.a. Santa Claus, Father Christmas, Pere Noel, Kris Kringle, Joulupukki, etc.

But unlike Santa, Ded Moroz doesn't ride reindeer or slide down the chimney or live with Mrs. Claus and the elves at the North Pole.

Ded Moroz's marital status is unclear, but he does have a granddaughter, Snegurochka (Snow Maiden), and since 1998 he lives in the town of Veliky Ustyug, Vologda Oblast. On New Year's, people love to dress up as Ded Moroz and Snegurochka and walk the streets, spreading the cheer, good wishes and (sometimes) vodka shots.

To surprise and delight the kids, Russians actually invite people dressed as Ded Moroz and Snegurochka into their homes. The deal is that you get a present for reciting a poem, a song or a dance.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
New Year's Eve feast, Russian style. Olivier is on the left. Shuba is a Russian herring salad.A plate of pickled vegetables is a must for any holiday table.
New Year's Eve feast, Russian style. Olivier is on the left.
New Year's Eve feast, Russian style. Olivier is on the left. | Source
Shuba is a Russian herring salad.
Shuba is a Russian herring salad. | Source
A plate of pickled vegetables is a must for any holiday table.
A plate of pickled vegetables is a must for any holiday table.

Traditional Russian New Year's Dishes

The Russian New Year's Eve feast is unthinkable without the traditional holiday salads "Olivier" and "Shuba."


Olivier resembles potato salad but with more ingredients. It's basically tradition, comfort and your childhood boiled, chopped and served with mayo.


Shuba (seledka pod shuboĭ in Russian), on the other hand, is a more nuanced dish, an acquired taste. You're either gonna love it or think it's the grossest thing in the world. Shuba is a combination of surprising ingredients (like pickled herring and beets) shredded, smeared with mayo and arranged like a layered cake. Hands down, it's my favorite dish in the world.

Other Dishes

Russians also feast on

  • pickled vegetables (cabbage, cucumbers, tomatoes),
  • meat and potatoes (baked in the oven or fried),
  • petite sandwiches with butter and red caviar,
  • pelmeni (meat dumplings),
  • Vinaigrette (beet salad),
  • and kholodets (jellied meat)

. . . and wash it down with copious amounts of champagne and vodka. (Tip: It's a bad idea to mix the two.)

But wait, there's more: Chocolate candies, torte Napoleon and sweet succulent mandarins are the culmination of the festivities.

Films and Gala-Concerts

In a famous Russian cartoon "Zima v Prostokvashino" ("Winter Vacation in Prostokvashino"), postman Pechkin asks: "What is the main adornment of the holiday table?" and then answers his own question: "Television."

Along with holiday salads, decorating the tree (yolka) and drinking the champagne while the bells chime in the new year, watching special holiday programs on TV is an indispensable part of the New Year's celebration.

And I'm not just talking about gala-concerts with favorite pop stars enthusiastically lip-syncing their latest hits, or comedy shows, or yet another rendition of "The Nutcracker." I mean beloved Soviet films, and one film in particular: The Irony of Fate.

 The Irony of Fate or Enjoy Your Bath! (1976)
The Irony of Fate or Enjoy Your Bath! (1976)

In the country where God was persona non grata, people believed in the magic of New Year's Eve. "The Irony of Fate" captures that magic in the most implausible but sweet and hopelessly romantic way.

The Irony of Fate Plot Summary

Every Russian knows the story: Nerdy doctor Zhenya from Moscow mistakenly enters a strange woman's apartment after (again, mistakenly) being put on a plane to Leningrad.

His key fits the lock, the building and the furniture look the same, and since Zhenya is heavily inebriated after going to banya with his buddies, he doesn't notice the small idiosyncrasies that would have told him that it's not his apartment. He also doesn't remember being on a plane, or at the airport.

The owner of the apartment, beautiful teacher Nadya, soon comes home to find a complete stranger asleep on her couch. Will she call the cops? Or will New Year's Eve work its magic on two Soviet citizens with identical apartments? Watch it to find out! The film is available with English subtitles.

Collection of New Year's Songs From Famous Russian Cartoons

No matter where you find yourself on New Year's Eve, I hope that you feel the joy and the magic of this unique holiday. I hope that you're optimistic about the future, and I hope you're with the people you love. As Russians say: The way you meet the new year is the way you will spend it. So Happy New Year!

New Year's Eve Poll

How do you like to celebrate New Year's Eve?

See results

© 2015 Lana Adler


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    • profile image


      2 years ago

      so pretty

    • kalinin1158 profile imageAUTHOR

      Lana Adler 

      4 years ago from California

      Thank you! Why the quotation marks lol? I guess I should have said Russian speakers. Or former Soviet citizens? I love New Years. I still celebrate it with Olivier, Shuba, and watching of "the irony of fate", even though I've lived in the US for 15 years now.

    • lovebuglena profile image

      Lena Kovadlo 

      4 years ago from Staten Island, NY

      Very interesting hub. No one celebrates New Year's quite like "Russians" do.

    • kalinin1158 profile imageAUTHOR

      Lana Adler 

      4 years ago from California

      This is music to my ears. And I think I'll learn a lot from you too, Michelle :-)

    • M Lynn Moore profile image

      Michelle McKiernan 

      4 years ago from Madison, WI

      Oh my! This will change my approach to welcoming the New Year for years to come, starting tomorrow. I have a hunch I am going to learn a lot from you.

    • kalinin1158 profile imageAUTHOR

      Lana Adler 

      4 years ago from California

      It's enormously huge :) And I'm glad it's in December not March - the weather is half the appeal!

    • aesta1 profile image

      Mary Norton 

      4 years ago from Ontario, Canada

      How interesting. In Cambodia, New Year is in the end of March or the beginning of April which you used to do in Russia. I never knew how huge the celebration is in Russia.

    • kalinin1158 profile imageAUTHOR

      Lana Adler 

      4 years ago from California

      Thank you Bill! Russian New Year's is one of those things you have to experience at least once in a lifetime :-)

    • bdegiulio profile image

      Bill De Giulio 

      4 years ago from Massachusetts

      Very interesting. Sounds like fun. Thanks for sharing the Russian New Year with us.

    • kalinin1158 profile imageAUTHOR

      Lana Adler 

      4 years ago from California

      Wow, sounds like you've had a great time! Since my relocation to the US 15 years ago I've only spent one New Years in Russia, and I always miss it!

      Every December I become inconsolably nostalgic. Part of it is missing the winter, especially the snow, another part is missing "the good old times" when things were simpler and I was much younger and carefree, and then there's missing the "atmosphere" of the holiday that was so infectitious and seemed to consume the entire country.

      And it wasn't the consumerist frenzy that is Christmas in this country, it was more a celebration of hope and love and magic...I always go back to that film "The irony of fate" because it expresses so perfectly what Russian New Years is all about. It's just the best time!

      And I never thought about it but you might be right about the alcohol. Most of the times when I get alcohol headaches it's the quality of the drinks, and the sugar content. So if I drink, I prefer pure alcohol, not cocktails with a bunch of sugary additives.

      Summer is also a good time to visit Russia! You can certainly enjoy the outside more :-) when I visited in the winter, I spent most of my time indoors for obvious reasons. It was so freaking cold! But it's getting warmer. My brother said it barely even snowed in Moscow this year.

    • MizBejabbers profile image

      Doris James MizBejabbers 

      4 years ago from Beautiful South

      The most phenomenal Holidays I ever spent were in Leningrad and Moscow (New Year's 1990), so I know every word you say is true. The food was fantastic, especially the little cakes. I don't care for caviar, but there was plenty for everybody's indulgence. My only food shock was biting into a piece of fish in what we call coleslaw. I had enough drinks under my belt to dance with Father Winter. I think that's what my guide called him then. The trees and decorations were beautiful, the men were handsome, and the women were beautiful, and everybody was so much fun (it didn't matter where they were from).

      What surprised me: I took a real chance by mixing up my drinks. I'm not a drinker because alcohol gives me migraine headaches, but after vodka, brandy, and a few others I can't remember, my head was clear as a bell the next morning. No headache, so I think it is the additives that we in the USA put into our alcohol.

      I think my favorite food was the borsch I got at the hotel restaurant in Moscow. I wish I could get a good recipe for that soup. Let me assure Mel that pickled herring is delicious!

      I've always looked forward to going back and revisiting your fascinating country, but if I ever do again, it will be during the summer. Although I have to admit, we had minus temperatures here in the Southern U.S. before I went, and it only got to -3 in Moscow while I was there.

    • kalinin1158 profile imageAUTHOR

      Lana Adler 

      4 years ago from California

      Thank you Alicia! Russian New Year is really something to experience. Thanks for stopping by!

    • kalinin1158 profile imageAUTHOR

      Lana Adler 

      4 years ago from California

      Thank you Larry! Happy new year!

    • kalinin1158 profile imageAUTHOR

      Lana Adler 

      4 years ago from California

      Thank you Mel! The herring salad might be a bit frightening, but I think you would like Olivier. So good!!!

      Yeah, I think cleaning the house before New Years is more or less universal, and ALL drunks are welcome at Russian parties :-)

    • AliciaC profile image

      Linda Crampton 

      4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      The New Year's celebration that you've described sounds wonderful! What a fun event. Thanks for sharing a great hub.

    • Larry Rankin profile image

      Larry Rankin 

      4 years ago from Oklahoma

      Sounds like a wonderful festivity.

      Great hub!

    • Mel Carriere profile image

      Mel Carriere 

      4 years ago from San Diego California

      The Ruskies definitely know how to party. The food does not sound to the liking of my meat and potatoes tastes, but I like the tradition of burning a wish and putting it into your champagne glass to drink. If I make several wishes and drink them all, will they all come true? Nothing like having a drunken WASP wobbling around at your Russian party.

      The Russian tradition of cleaning the house and doing the laundry and so forth is similar to what the Mexicans believe about the new year. My wife washes all the clothes in the house frantically before New Years, thinking that having dirty clothes on that day will mean she will be overburdened with laundry all year. Then again, getting all your clothes clean before New Years doesn't guarantee you won't have to do laundry all year. That would get rather smelly. Wonderful hub. Happy New Year!


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