Twelfth Day of Christmas Traditions

Updated on March 8, 2020
Glenis Rix profile image

The writer's interest in Twelfth Night is based on a study of Shakespeare's play and enjoying a celebratory parade in Spain.

Three Kings Festival (Fiesta los Tres Reyes) in Spain
Three Kings Festival (Fiesta los Tres Reyes) in Spain | Source

What Are Christmastide and Twelfth Night?

Christmastide is a season in the Christian liturgical calendar. The season includes twelve days of celebration that start on Christmas Day, which marks the birth of Jesus Christ. Historically, the first day of Christmastide breaks the Advent fast, which spans the previous twenty-four days. Each of the following eleven days was, and still is in the Catholic Church, a celebration of Jesus Christ and various Christian saints. Twelfth Night, the last night of Christmastide, is the night before Epiphany—the day that marks the visit of the three magi to the newly born Christ child believed to have been sent by God to save the world.

The Twelve Days of Christmas According to the Christian Liturgical Calendar

  1. Nativity of the Lord
  2. St. Stephen's Day
  3. Feast of St. John, Apostle and Evangelist
  4. Feast of the Holy Innocents
  5. Memorial of St. Thomas Becket, Bishop and Martyr
  6. Feast of the Holy Family of Jesus, Mary and Joseph
  7. Feast of Pope St. Sylvester
  8. Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God
  9. St. Basil the Great and St. Gregory of Nazianzus
  10. Memorial of the Holy Name of Jesus
  11. Feast of St. Simeon Sylites
  12. Epiphany, Revelation of God Incarnate as Jesus Christ (Twelfth Night)

Shakespeare's Twelfth NIght Feste, Sir Toby Belch and Sir Andrew Aquecheek
Shakespeare's Twelfth NIght Feste, Sir Toby Belch and Sir Andrew Aquecheek | Source

Who Were the Three Kings?

The three kings, or wise men, are thought to have been Eastern astrologers. The birth of a saviour of the Jews had been long predicted. It is mentioned in the Book of the Prophet Isaiah 60,1–6. According to the Gospel of Matthew, the magi saw the birth of a new star, which they took as a sign that the Christ child had been born, and used the star as a compass to lead them to Bethlehem and Jesus.

...behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem, saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him.

— New Testament. Matthew 2..2

How Did Advent Fasting Begin?

In 567, the Council of Tours proclaimed the twelve days from Christmas to Epiphany as a sacred and festive season and established the duty of Advent fasting in preparation for the feast.

Twelfth Night in Spain

In many Roman Catholic countries, the Twelfth Night of Christmastide is observed with a festival dedicated to the three kings—it is known as Fiesta los Tres Reyes Magos in Spain. In Marbella, I watched the magical spectacle of the three kings riding on camels and leading a spectacular parade followed by open trucks carrying children dressed as elves who scattered sack loads of candies onto upturned umbrellas held by the crowds who had gathered to watch the parade. The 6th January is more important than Christmas Day in Spain. It is the day on which the children receive their Christmas gifts, symbolic of the gifts presented to the baby Jesus by the Magi at Epiphany.

... they saw the young child with Mary his mother, and fell down, and worshipped him: and when they had opened their treasures, they presented unto him gifts; gold, and frankincesense, and myrrh.

— New Testament. Matthew 2.8.
A traditional English Twelfth Night Cakerich fruit cake
A traditional English Twelfth Night Cakerich fruit cake | Source

Twelfth Night and the Lord of Misrule in Tudor England

In Elizabethan England, Twelfth Night is the climax of the Christmastide season. It is an occasion for music, elaborate fancy-dress masked balls, and parties, during which whoever finds the bean baked into a special cake os be declared "Lord of Misrule" for the night. This individual then presides over celebrations and issues instructions that all, including his superiors, must obey.

Shakespeare's comedy Twelfth Night, or What You Will, provides a picture of riotous revelry in Tudor England. The character of drunken, glutonous, Sir Toby Belch is sometimes interpreted as an example of the Lord of Misrule.

Recordings of Shakespeare's Twelfth Night

I studied Twelfth Night for my English Literature finals and have watched several productions of the play, both live and on DVD. If you would like to see a traditional production by the Globe Theatre, I recommend this recording of a live production, which I was fortunate enough to see at the Globe. The lead roles were played by Mark Rylance and Stephen Fry. An interpretation of Twelfth Night in Victorian costume, produced by the lauded Shakespearean actor and director Sir Kenneth Branagh, is also available on DVD.

Superstition About Twelfth Night

Superstition has it that Christmas decorations should be removed from the home before Twelfth Night turns into Epiphany—otherwise bad luck will fall on the house during the coming year. My Christmas tree stays in place until almost the last minute, despite the needles starting to fall, as I always host a Twelfth Night brunch for friends during the morning.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Happy Twelfth Night and Happy New Year. If you are superstitious, don't forget to remove the Christmas decorations before 6th January.My Twelfth Night table
Happy Twelfth Night and Happy New Year. If you are superstitious, don't forget to remove the Christmas decorations before 6th January.
Happy Twelfth Night and Happy New Year. If you are superstitious, don't forget to remove the Christmas decorations before 6th January. | Source
My Twelfth Night table
My Twelfth Night table | Source

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

Questions & Answers

    © 2020 GlenR

    Comments

    Submit a Comment
    • MsDora profile image

      Dora Weithers 

      2 months ago from The Caribbean

      Thanks for sharing the information and the significance of this day. I also studied Twelfth Night, but missed so much of the meaning, Knowledge is fascinating.

    • Eurofile profile image

      Liz Westwood 

      2 months ago from UK

      Fascinating article. I also studied Shakespeare's play many years ago. You have reminded me about our visit to Marbella 4 years ago at this time. I thought the photo was familiar. It was certainly an interesting experience.

    • Glenis Rix profile imageAUTHOR

      GlenR 

      3 months ago from UK

      Thanks for your comments, Doris. I am surprised that you were not taught that the days leading up to Christmas are Advent in the liturgical calendar.

      Do you not have Advent calendars in the US? Mostly, these are for young children. They are large, single sheet, picture cards on which there is a little closed flap for each of the 24 days of December leading up to Christmas Day. Behind each flag is either a nativity picture or a tiny chocolate treat. Children are intended to open one window each day, building up their excitement as Christmas Day approaches - but I suspect many cheat to get at the chocolates!

      All good wishes for 2020

    • MizBejabbers profile image

      Doris James MizBejabbers 

      3 months ago from Beautiful South

      Interesting to learn the story of the 12 Days of Christmas since coming from a non-Catholic community, I did not. I guess I thought the 12 days referred to the days leading up to Christmas Day. This was not taught in church or at our high school.

    • Glenis Rix profile imageAUTHOR

      GlenR 

      3 months ago from UK

      Hello, Peggy and Anne.All good wishes for 2020.

      I have so many wonderful memories of twelfth night in Marbella, tinged with some sadness as it was at the time of the terrible tsunami in the Far East.

      I gave a successful brunch for friends this morning, to round off Christmastide - a compote of prunes and clementine in a port syrup served with muesli and Greek yoghurt; scrambled eggs and smoked salmon; French roast coffee. After which we went to a matinee screening of Little Women - wonderful.

      The tree is now in the yard, waiting for transportation to the recycling centre and, as you say, Anne, the house now looks very bare. I may rerun the dvd of Rylance production of the Globe’s Twelfth Night this evening. Thanks for taking the time to read and comment on the article.

    • Peggy W profile image

      Peggy Woods 

      3 months ago from Houston, Texas

      It was very interesting learning the history and traditions regarding the Twelfth Day of Christmas from you. It must have been fun to see those festivities in person while in Spain. In the next day or two, we will have all of our decorations put up for the year. Wishing you a happy and healthy 2020.

    • annart profile image

      Ann Carr 

      3 months ago from SW England

      Lovely to see a hub from you Glenis. This is great.

      I too studied Twelfth Night, for my 'O' levels (now GCSEs of course!) and I loved it.

      I try to leave taking down the Christmas tree for as long as possible. This year, I did it yesterday as I have other things to do this weekend and couldn't be sure I'd have time. It makes everything look so bare after the lights and decorations and cards all over the place.

      Lots of interesting details here, most of which I knew. I didn't know what each night signified though so thanks for including the list.

      I was in France for Epiphany once, many moons ago, and they too have a cake in celebration of the kings. Theirs hides a figure of a king and the one who has it in his or her piece is treated to a crown.

      I hope you enjoyed Christmas and I wish you a very happy 2020.

      Ann

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, holidappy.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://maven.io/company/pages/privacy

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)