St. Patrick's Day: 10 Irish- and Celtic-Themed Films
Some Celts are French and Spanish
And some Celtic may or may not be making crop circles in the middle of the night, but many persons of Celtic heritage from around the British Isles have made good films.
Celtic languages are organized together under Indo-European languages and were used throughout Western Europe in centuries past. In the 21st century, Celtic languages are found mostly among the British Isles and in France, on the peninsula of Brittany [OSU Languages Department].
The four clusters of Celtic languages include two that are felt to be extinct (one never knows when one will discover a speaker of a “dead language”). These are
- Gaulish and related dialects that spanned the lands from France to Turkey and Holland to Northern Italy; and
- Celtiberian in Aragon (NE Spain) and other parts of Spain.
Two living languages among the Celtics are
3) Goidelic that is an umbrella to Irish Gaelic, Scottish Gaelic, Manx (like the cat, actually a language from the Isle of Man), and Shelta and
4) Brythonic covering Breton, Cornish, Cumbric, Welsh, Westcountry Brythonic, Ivernic, and Pictish (by some accounts).
All this being laid out, we see that we can enjoy a good variety of films for St; Patrick’s Day.
The first two films below are my favorites, followed by a Top 10 List.
More Favorite Irish Films
In America (2003)
Starring Cast: Paddy Considine, Samantha Morton, Djimon Hounsou, and Sarah Bolger.
The Sullivans are a young Irish couple with two young daughter daughters. They sneak illegally into America and to NYC. The father "Da" plans to begin an acting career, but in truth, the family is trying to run away from the memory of the death of their young son from a brain tumor at age 5.. The film is full of humor and sadness of everyday life in a tenement building in New York. Getting to know a fellow artist, African, in the apartment building and the fact that he is dying brings a confrontation of the Sullivans with their own past.
The film is not cute, but it is sweet, about the overcoming of adversity with family and friends and of finding the real opportunities that America can afford to immigrants from around the world. The young actors that play the actors are very genuine and it is hard to tell that they are acting. However, all the performances are striking and memorable, and the realtionships well crafted.
The Englishman Who Went Up a Hill But Came Down a Mountain
Released 1995: Comedy - True Story or Historical Fiction
This and In America are my two favorite films among all the rest concerning people of Celtic heritage.
"Up a Hill.." involves a Welsh village, real name Ffynnon Taf or Taff's Well, that needs their hill (real name Garth Mountain) to qualify as a mountain as a matter of honor during World War I. They've lost so much in the war, they need to hold on to their remaining assets, no matter how whimsical. They have always called their mountain a mountain and no English mapmaker (played by Hugh Grant) is going to tell them that it is 15 feet to short.
The Welsh villagers trick the mapmaker comes into staying in town until something can be done - like making the mountain taller.
A pastor and a pub owner (Morgan the Goat, played by Colm Meaney) create a plan fo ra solution and enlist the whole town. The reverend spurs them all on by reciting Pslam 99:9 - Exalt the Lord our God, and worship at his holy hill; for the Lord our God is holy.
The names of the townspeople are entertaining by themselves - Johnny Shellshocked Jones is right out of World War I, and is joined by Williams the Petrolum, Tommy Twostroke, Davies the School, Thomas the Trains, Evans the End of the World, and The Smiler. The film was enjoyable also just to see Colm Meaney in action..
Starring Cast: Colm Meaney, Kenneth Griffith, Ian Hart, Hugh Grant, Tara Fitzgerald. Robert Pugh, Garfield Morgan, Iuean Rhys, Dafydd Wyn Roberts, Fraser Cains, Harry Kretchmer, Howell Evans.
Ed Sullivan of Visalia, California went to Taff's Well about 1998 and found a map of the mountain in the library. Climbing the mountain, he actually found a mound of dirt atop it and a surveying marker atop that. He notes the book includes information that even 5 years after the 1917 mountain incident, in 1922, there was still controversy about how high the mountain stood. The 1921 map in the library still lists it as a hill.
Spotlight on the Isle of Man
Top 10 Historical Celtic Films
The best known Irish and Celtic films set in a historical context include the following list, from oldest to newest.
- The Plough and the Stars- 1936. Dublin, Ireland in the era of the 1916 Easter Rising. Stars Barbara Stanwyck, Preston Foster, and Barry Fitzgerald. based on a play by Sean O'Casey that promoted a pacifist agenda. There were riots in the streets against the play.
- Captain Boycott -1947. Story of British prejudice against the Irish. Stars Stewart Granger and Kathleen Ryan.
- The Fighting Prince of Donegall -1966. A Disney film about Ireland in 1587. Hugh O'Donnell inherits the title of The O'Donnell, the Prince of Donegal. He attempts to unite Ireland agaisnt England, But then Hugh is kidnapped and imprisoned by the Viceroy of Ireland and held ransom for the Clans' good behavior. Hugh must escape prison and the Viceroy's villainous henchman
- The Molly Maguires - 1970. Birth of the Labor Movement. One of my favorite films. Irish immigrants that sailed to an America they envisioned with streets of gold found only mud. They were exploited and worked in very low-paying back breaking manual labor. In 1876, the Molly Maguires formed a group (a first union) that pursued better working conditions in Pennsylvania coal mines. However, they used sabotage and bombs. Still, they were successful in forming the first labor union type of group and inspired future generations.Thus, not only was an Irish person (Annie Moore) the first immigrant into America through Ellis Island, but it was the Irish that organized for the Labor Movement. Famous Cast: Sean Connery, Richard Harris, Samantha Eggar, Frank Finlay, Anthony Zerbe.
- The Year of the French -1982
- Mountains of the Moon - 1990. Another favorite. Bram Stoker (Dracula) wrote that the Irish of British descent were treated very poorly by the English, as second-class citizens. Stoker was a contemporary of the film's subject, the scholar Sir Richard Burton, who was born in Ireland to his English-Irish father and Scottish mother. Burton went to Africa in search of the source of the Nile River with a party of full-blooded Englishmen, without much of their respect. Of course, there was controversy about who should receive the credit for the discovery - no "half-breed", as it were, deserving credit in the eyes of the English. Starring Patrick Bergin, Iain Glen, Richard E. Grant, Fiona Shaw, and John Savident.
- In the Name of the Father - 1993. Celts vs. English. Irishmen were victims of British oppression in the 1970s. The Irish "Guildford Four" were wrongly convicted of bombing an English pub in 1974, because they were thought to be members of the IRA. Their families and the press kept hammering at the government until the men were released. Starring Daniel Day-Lewis, Pete Postlethwaite, Emma Thompson, and John Lynch.
- The Irish in America - 1995. Freedom and the Gold Rush. Mass immigration to the USA resulted in 2,000,000 Irish in 5 years fleeing the fist of England. In the 1840s the Potato Famine struck hard, sealing the bargain, because England controlled the foodstuffs stockpiled before the famine and would not let loose. This is a documentary that shows the immigration and the Irish involved in fighting in the Civil War and panning for gold in the Gold Rush. Narrator: Aidan Quinn.
- The Ghost and the Darkness - 1996. This is one of my Favorite Films. It stars Michael Douglas, Val Kilmer, and Tom Wilkinson. A true story, an Irishman, engineer Col. Patterson, went to East Africa to build a bridge in 1896 under English authority. The colonel deals with attacks by two rogue lions during his project that is already "handicapped" because of his Irish hertiage and resulting prejudice.
- Michael Collins - 1996. Another favorite film. Stars Liam Neeson, Aidan Quinn, Julia Roberts, and Alan Rickman. Irish battle for independence, 1916-1922. After the Easter Rebellion against England, Michael Collins, leader of Sinn Fein, trained the Irish army to be guerrilla fighters (like the Swamp Fox of the American Revolution). The Irish Army then became the IRA. Many of the Irish wanted independence and no compromise. Collins and the IRA finally received a treaty with England to create the Irish Free State.
An additional 9 great historical Irish films include:
- Some Mother's Son -1996. True stories of the IRA in 1981.
- The Irish in America - Long Journey Home -1998. Documentary.
- One Man's Hero -1998. Tales of the Potato Famine and those that fought it.
- Omagh - 2004. Aftermath of the treaty that made ireiland a free state and the subsequent bombings of the "Real Ira."
- Bloody Sunday - 2002. Profound. Commemorated by U2s Sunday, Bloody Sunday. 1/30/1972 - Parliament member Ivan Cooper led a peaceful March that ended in 13 civilian deaths and 27 woundings. Stars James Nesbitt, Allan Gildea, Gerard Crossan, Mary Moulds, Carmel McCallion
- Warrior Queen - 2003. Another favorite. Celtic Queen, Boudicca firecely opposed the Romans as they occupied Britain. emperors Claudius and Nero attested to her strength and tenacity. Starring Alex Kingston (from the series ER), Steven Waddington Emily Blunt, Leanne Rowe, Ben Faulks, and Hugo Speer.
- Tristan & Isodle - 2006. Similar to Romeo and Juliet, but the opposing families are Irish and Cornish and oppose each other on the British slave trade of the Irish.
- True Story Of The Molly Maguires - 2006. History Channel documentary.
- The Wind That Shakes the Barley - 2006. Taken from the title of an Irish rebel song in the late 18th century.
© 2009 Patty Inglish