10 of the Most Popular Wedding Flowers, and What You Should Know Before Choosing Them

Updated on November 19, 2016
Kylyssa profile image

Kylyssa Shay worked as a florist for eighteen years and has created and taught an assortment of crafts to adults and children of all ages.

A late spring bridal bouquet crafted by the author
A late spring bridal bouquet crafted by the author | Source

Make an Informed Decision on Your Wedding Flowers

Many people do not consider the availability of particular flowers during the time of year during which their wedding will fall when choosing flowers. I think that maybe they are not as aware that they are seasonal products as they could be.

While much has been done to manipulate the availability of blooms so that many varieties are now available for more months out of the year, seasons still apply to many varieties. Those manipulations of temperature and lighting are costly and out-of-season blooms often do not achieve the perfection of flowers picked at the natural peak of their season.

Some methods for providing out-of-season blooms include shipping them from areas of the world with different growing seasons, refrigeration of bulb plants to encourage blossoms out of season, and growing flowers in heated greenhouses. All of these options use more energy and fuel than simply using varieties that are in season at the time of your wedding. They can result in more costly blooms inferior to those grown naturally.

Another aspect many do not consider when choosing flowers is the durability of the flowers themselves. Wedding decorations need to look good throughout the ceremony and the entire wedding reception. Some flowers can handle the stresses of a wedding better than others.

Some of the most popular flowers have limitations many people are unaware of. To save you some time and to make choosing your wedding flowers easier I've given some of the seasons, drawbacks, and benefits of some popular wedding flowers in this article.

1. Casablanca Lilies

Close-up photo of Stargazer lilies and Casablanca lilies
Close-up photo of Stargazer lilies and Casablanca lilies | Source

Casablanca Lilies are available year round. They have large, flat blooms which take up quite a bit of surface area and can really fill out a bouquet. Casablanca lilies are also vulnerable to bruising but not as vulnerable as callas. Some people delight in the Casablanca lily's strong fragrance but others are allergic to it.

Casablanca lilies are more resistant to cold temperatures than callas but more prone to wilt from high temperatures or from lack of water. Their large bloom size makes them great for decorating the wedding ceremony as they are easily seen from a distance and they hold up very well when they have a water source.

These lilies have a strong fragrance that some people associate with funerals as they are so commonly used in sympathy tributes. Also, a fair number of people who have allergies will be affected by their scent. However, some people adore their strong fragrance. You'll need to weigh those factors in when deciding whether or not to use Casablanca lilies.

2. Gardenias

Close-up of gardenias in bloom
Close-up of gardenias in bloom | Source

Gardenias are available all year. These richly scented flowers are typically cut by the grower to have a stem less than an inch long. Florists can easily remedy this for use in your bouquets and corsages with the use of a bit of wire and tape but it makes the use of gardenias impractical in some types of centerpieces.

Gardenias don't come cheap, they can cost as much as $20 a bloom so keep that in mind when using them. They put off so much lush scent that just a few here and there can fill a room with fragrance.

Gardenias are wonderful when floated in shallow bowls. They can be used more sparsely that way and can last up to a week in good condition if the water is changed every day or so.

Gardenias will brown very easily from contact. Handle them with care and expect corsages and bouquets made with them to show some wear and tear by the end of the evening both from lack of water and from handling.

3. Hydrangeas

A beautiful blue hydrangea
A beautiful blue hydrangea | Source

Hydrangeas are available all year. However, there are wide variations of price and quality for this flower. Hydrangeas are in season during the summer. While many varieties are available all year, many hydrangeas bought off-season are undersized and lower in quality for a much higher price tag.

They are very thirsty and prone to wilt easily from heat or lack of water. The white varieties of hydrangea show bruising more than other colors do.

These flowers are prone to wilt easily no matter which color you choose so they are best when arranged in water or wet foam. In a garden style hand tied bouquet, you will notice drooping within less than an hour of removing the hydrangeas from water.

4. Calla Lilies

Two shapely calla lilies
Two shapely calla lilies | Source

Calla lilies, also known as arum lilies are available all year round but experience wide fluctuations in price. Callas are seldom inexpensive as they are somewhat vulnerable to bruising during bulk shipping. This causes a lot of waste and increases the cost of the calla lilies that make it to the retailer in good shape. However, if they arrive in your florist's hands undamaged they are not likely to get bruised by normal handling.

Callas are sensitive to cold temperatures and can get frost damage easily. They tolerate heat very well and retain their moisture well even without a water source. This makes them ideal for use in bridal bouquets wherein they may be required to last out of water for some time. The miniature calla varieties make great boutonnieres because they are not terribly harmed by body heat or lack of water. Callas are one of the few flowers that hold up especially well in Summer weddings.

The tops of the calla lily's blooms don't take up much surface area so you can expect to use a lot of calla lilies in a round, all calla bouquet. Callas can fill more space when used as to expose the length of the bloom rather than just the top such as in the train of a cascading bouquet or in the length of an arm bouquet.

Not all callas are as lovely as those in the photo and you may wish to keep that in mind when ordering callas as wedding flowers. Chances are, your wedding florist will still use some less-than-perfect blooms. Some florists may agree to use only near-perfect blooms, providing you are willing to pay double to triple the regular cost.

Wonderful Ideas - Practical, realistic, and beautiful wedding flowers in many different styles

As a wedding florist, I saw many lovely photos taken from bridal magazines that included designs or flowers that wouldn't last through a wedding ceremony. This book is chock full of wedding bouquets, boutonnieres, corsages, ceremony arrangements, and reception flowers that are well put together from both artistic and practical standards.

The Knot Book of Wedding Flowers
The Knot Book of Wedding Flowers

As a florist, I love this book. It is just full of beautiful photos as well as artistically and mechanically sound floral wedding decorations.


5. Lilacs

Delicate lavender lilacs
Delicate lavender lilacs | Source

Lilacs are in season in the spring though some may be available into the summer months. Off-season lilacs can rarely be counted on and their quality is usually inferior.

This fragrant flower requires a good water source and is sensitive to heat. Lilacs are very likely to show wilting in a bridal bouquet within an hour or so due to the bride's body heat even when arranged a water source.

Because they are grown outdoors and subject to the whims of weather the supply of lilacs is unpredictable so choose a different variety of flower as a backup in case they are not available on your wedding day.

6. Lily of the Valley

Beautiful but temperamental lily of the valley
Beautiful but temperamental lily of the valley | Source

Lily of the Valley is available in the month of May but only sporadically during the rest of the year. Even in season, lily of the valley can be very expensive per tiny stem, I've seen it sell for as much as $10 per stem!

These flowers are sensitive to heat, handling and dehydration. They will tend to wilt and discolor quickly when used in body flowers such as boutonnieres and corsages so they are best saved for use in other arrangements.

Lily of the valley often does not have very long stems making it impractical for some types of arrangement. It is extremely fragrant so a little goes a long way towards creating a wonderful, scented setting.

7. Orchids

Lovely white orchids are much more sturdy than you may suppose.
Lovely white orchids are much more sturdy than you may suppose. | Source

Orchids are available year round depending upon their variety though their prices are subject to great fluctuation.

Orchids are sensitive to cold and may bruise or drop blooms with rough handling during shipping. However, if the orchids reach the florist in great shape they can be tough as nails! Orchids are resistant to moisture loss and heat so they make great bouquet and body flowers.

Their resistance to heat and dehydration makes them perfect for summer weddings.

8. Roses

Red roses in bloom
Red roses in bloom | Source

Roses are available year round. They are lightly fragrant and come in literally thousands of varieties. Roses are versatile and beautiful flowers.

Roses are a middle-of-the-road flower when it comes to durability being neither tough nor overly fragile.They are prone to open up in warm conditions. Sometimes this is desirable, such as when the roses are part of a garden style arrangement. Other times it is not, such as when they are used in boutonnieres.

There is one time of year that it would be advisable to steer clear of roses - Valentine's Day! This period generally extends from the end of January through the middle of February. The rose market is awash with substandard roses during this time most of which are horribly over-priced.

9. Gerbera Daisies

Sunset colors of gerbera daisies
Sunset colors of gerbera daisies | Source

Gerbera daisies have recently outranked stephanotis, pushing them into a well-deserved space in the ten most popular wedding flowers.

Gerbera daisies come in a wide variety of colors and are available year round. However, some colors and varieties have limited availability. Ask your florist if that is the case when ordering a specific variety. It's best to choose gerbera daisies by color rather than to insist on a specific cultivar or variety because the exact gerbera cultivar you choose may not be at its best for your wedding.

Gerbera daisies are tender, water loving flowers that wilt easily. Gerbera daisies should be arranged in a water source or stored in a vase of water until right before use. Because of their large size and tendency to wilt, gerbera daisies are not ideal for use in boutonnieres and corsages.

10. Tulips

photo by Kylyssa Shay
photo by Kylyssa Shay

Tulips are available most of the year but are at their best quality and pricing from February through April. They can be one of the most economical choices when used in spring weddings.

Tulips are vulnerable to heat which tends to blow them open which can result in lost petals. Tulips also actually grow after they are cut. The combination of these phenomena can change the appearance of an arrangement in mere hours!

Tulips hold up pretty well out of water but do not make ideal body flowers due to their heat sensitivity.

So please, keep these facts in mind when choosing your wedding flowers to assure the best quality, durability, and pricing. Your florist can also guide you to more seasonal flower choices for your wedding and help make the best choices to decorate your wedding celebration.

What's Your Favorite Wedding Flower?

Of Those Listed, Which Do You Like Most?

See results

To Every Thing There Is A Season

Including Wedding Flowers

While many flowers are available year round, many still are not, or if available, they are not always at their best. I've broken the listed types into four seasons of availability, which designate at what time these flowers are securely available. If one is not on the list for a season, it means it is very likely to be unavailable at that time. If the flower is in bold, it is best during that season. If it is in italics, it may be available but is going to be off-season and thus over-priced and unreliable as to quality. An asterisk* indicates that the flower is always unreliable. This guide applies to North America and so may not be relevant if you live elsewhere.






Lily of the Valley*


Gerbera Daisies










Gerbera Daisies









Gerbera Daisies









Lily of the Valley*

Gerbera Daisies





Delicate and dainty stephanotis
Delicate and dainty stephanotis | Source

Stephanotis is available year round but its condition is always unpredictable. This fragrant blossom is very delicate and vulnerable to damage from heat, cold, and handling.

Unless provided with an adequate source of water, stephanotis blooms will wither in bouquets. Expect stephanotis blooms to show marked wilting and browning by the end of your wedding reception even under the best of conditions.

While stephanotis are a traditional wedding flower and can be both beautiful and richly scented their delicate nature should be considered carefully before using them. No matter how good a job your florist does, the stephanotis will wilt in corsages in boutonnieres within a few hours due to body heat and handling.

I have included stephanotis on this page because it was only recently bumped out of the ten most popular wedding flowers in the United States.

Questions & Answers

    © 2009 Kylyssa Shay

    What Wedding Flowers Are Your Favorites? - Or what advice would you give to people buying them?

      0 of 8192 characters used
      Post Comment
      • profile image

        sam ahuja 

        8 weeks ago

        very useful...

      • profile image


        24 months ago

        If you are using 'thirsty' flowers think of hand tied bouquets. They can stand in water up the beginning of the wedding march, You shake them gently and pat the stems dry, and off you go !

      • peachpurple profile image


        4 years ago from Home Sweet Home

        guess what? i love the Hydrangeas flower since it is purple in color

      • WriterJanis2 profile image


        5 years ago

        I personally love roses.

      • Heidi Vincent profile image

        Heidi Vincent 

        5 years ago from GRENADA

        I love the lilacs.

      • profile image


        5 years ago

        I like them all, but my favorite are the casablanca lilies. Their fragrance is wonderful.

      • profile image


        5 years ago

        I like them all, but my favorite is the Asian lily, which was not featured here. The fragrance of the Asian lily is wonderful and unique.

      • Lady Lorelei profile image

        Lorelei Cohen 

        6 years ago from Canada

        I know that Calla Lilies are one of the most popular wedding flowers but I think lilacs are so fragrant and beautiful. My brother and his wife had lilacs as their wedding flower.

      • psiloveyou1 profile image


        6 years ago

        Gerber Daisies are my favorites, especially the bright colored ones. I love them in my yard too, but they are finicky!

      • Gypzeerose profile image

        Rose Jones 

        6 years ago

        I love calla lilies, they are just so pretty. And of course I am fond of roses since "Rose" is my name. I grew up in Missouri and calla lilies were so expensive: in California here they are almost growing wild.

      • BodyLanguageExp profile image


        6 years ago

        The lilies are most definitely my favorite. They are so dainty and pretty.

      • profile image


        6 years ago

        I would add ranunculas and peonies to this list as well. They were our best selling wedding flowers this past year. Good lens with solid information.

      • Elyn MacInnis profile image

        Elyn MacInnis 

        6 years ago from Shanghai, China

        This is a really good lens full of important information for brides. I loved the part where you divided them up into seasons. That makes for a really intelligent decision... Blessed by a SquidAngel.

      • profile image


        6 years ago

        Great information, indeed! Blessed by a SquidAngel!

      • Keepingscore profile image


        7 years ago

        Was needing a lens for a summer activity quest, was thinking weddings and flowers also came to mind. However the Squidlike was earned, you have created a very nice lens here with good information. Thanks for caring to create.

      • LesleyOC profile image


        7 years ago

        Fantastically useful information - I had an orchid bouquet and it took a lot of punishment, as you say, tough as old nails. At my later church wedding I had carnations - horrible - horrible horrible. Glad to see they didn't make your list.

      • Aster56 profile image


        7 years ago

        I like white flowers. Very nice lens. Thanks.

      • Budeni profile image


        7 years ago

        What a wonderful lens. I read all of it - and I'm certainly not gonna marry in the next few years. :-)

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        Thanks! Now I know the different kinds of wedding flowers - didn't know there were so many.

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        Nice and interesting post.......................Like and A+

      • decvamlada profile image


        7 years ago

        what a great lens.......

      • MelonyVaughan profile image


        7 years ago

        I absolutely adore orchids!

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        Lilacs is the most beautiful flower.

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        Great Lens

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        Happily returning to this beautifully presented excellence with a blessing.

      • Kylyssa profile imageAUTHOR

        Kylyssa Shay 

        7 years ago from Overlooking a meadow near Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA

        @Michaelyady: In the eighteen years I spent as a wedding florist, I thought about them a lot. Most brides choose flower colors, types, and styles and apply them throughout the entire wedding and reception. I've used all of these flowers in all of the types of arrangements you mention. This page is about the ten most popular wedding flower choices for whatever arrangements the bride and groom want them in. That is why, when some of these flowers don't hold up so well in certain applications such as corsages, I have mentioned it here. It would be tiresome to readers if I listed everything each flower is good for rather than just listing what types of arrangements they are problematic in. Lack of focus on a webpage makes it far less likely to ever be found and read.

      • LisaAuch1 profile image

        Lisa Auch 

        7 years ago from Scotland

        Beautiful! I am currently helping my friend start up her business, this is a beautiful page my firend blessed By a passing angel and hope this finds you well!

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        There is so much more to wedding flowers than just the bouquet. Have you thought about flowers as a decoration, boutonnieres, bridesmaids, corsages and table decorations?.

      • profile image


        7 years ago

        Great lens, glad you featured so many scented flowers. Thanks.

      • LauraHofman profile image

        Laura Hofman 

        7 years ago from Naperville, IL

        Very well done lens with gorgeous photos! I had roses, lilies and stephanotis in my bouquet - summer wedding. Great suggestions for brides.

      • Kylyssa profile imageAUTHOR

        Kylyssa Shay 

        8 years ago from Overlooking a meadow near Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA

        @ArtformTheHeart: I'd love to see gerbera daisies replace stephanotis or gardenias in the top ten most popular wedding flowers because they are sturdier, more versatile, and more readily available in excellent condition.

      • ArtformTheHeart profile image


        8 years ago

        very informative lens, I just tweeted it. My favoraite flowers are Gerbera daisies so they would have to be incorporated somewhere.

      • aliciamaggie54 profile image


        8 years ago

        Very nice. I like the tulips and roses.

      • phoenix arizona f profile image

        phoenix arizona f 

        8 years ago

        It's hard to choose what flower is the best. They are all beautiful.

      • Maui-photographer profile image


        8 years ago

        Hydrangeas are so popular right now.

      • OrganicMom247 profile image


        8 years ago

        My favorite are roses. This is a very informative and useful lens. Great lens.

      • lizziehumphreys1 profile image


        8 years ago

        really gorgeous lens, i love the lilies, lilacs and roses. there's a really nice flower shop at the top of my road, they do gorgeous flowers for weddings.

      • Wedding Mom profile image

        Wedding Mom 

        8 years ago

        The flowers looked awesome. what Wedding wouldn't be complete without flowers. The selections are really beautiful. Calla lilies and orchids are still are favorite for most weddings. Superb Lens, I love it!

      • LouiseKirkpatrick profile image


        8 years ago from Lincolnshire, United Kingdom

        Lily of the Valley is such an under-rated flower and the scent is gorgeous This is such a helpful and beautiful lens :) I'm getting married myself next month, so have an April Fools Day Squid Angel Blessing on me :)

      • aesta1 profile image

        Mary Norton 

        8 years ago from Ontario, Canada

        Orchids are my favourites. They are exquisite and elegant.

      • howtocurecancer profile image


        8 years ago

        My favorites? White Freesia.

      • LakeMom profile image


        8 years ago

        Great information (wish I had it 25 years ago!)!

      • UKGhostwriter profile image


        8 years ago

        very nice lens

      • profile image


        8 years ago

        I checked out your lens because I like flowers. I love looking at flower photos and my husband likes taking the photos. My compliments on your photos. I'm liking the roses for weddings. I had orange roses for my fall wedding 38 years ago.

      • profile image


        8 years ago

        My fianc and I are getting married next year and we are now looking for amazing florists (Calgary-based) who will arrange beautiful flowers for us. My mother told me that the florists in Calgary are actually exceptional in doing different flower arrangements so I think we might just wanna give it a shot 'coz we want our wedding to be the best one ever.

      • dahlia369 profile image


        8 years ago

        Nice lens, beautiful flowers and much useful info!

      • Senora M profile image

        Senora M 

        8 years ago

        cool lens. i used gerbera daisies for my bridesmaids and don't remember what i had--lots of white. :) i wanted berries, but they said getting married in june the berries would all be green. oh well.

      • WhitU4ever profile image


        8 years ago

        Wonderful lens, Kylyssa! Beautiful photos. I lean toward Gardenias... they smell wonderful. We have two of them growing in our front yard... in the desert!

      • mysticmama lm profile image

        Bambi Watson 

        8 years ago

        Beautiful photos! :)

      • piedromolinero profile image


        8 years ago

        Good information about the most popular wedding flowers. Having some insights can make the difference between saving and wasting money on the flowers.

      • Charlino99 profile image

        Tonie Cook 

        8 years ago from USA

        Your knowledge about this topic certainly shows. Thank you for putting together such a beautiful and helpful page about wedding flowers.

      • naturegirl7s profile image

        Yvonne L B 

        8 years ago from Covington, LA

        Very informative and beautiful lens. Great photos.

      • Kylyssa profile imageAUTHOR

        Kylyssa Shay 

        8 years ago from Overlooking a meadow near Grand Rapids, Michigan, USA

        @anonymous: Yes, as written above, roses and orchids are available all year round. Marigolds are available though undependable during Summer and early Fall. You may experience substitutions if you order a specific size or color of marigold for your wedding as marigolds are not as widely cultivated for use as cut flowers in the commercial floral industry as other flowers are, thus fewer varieties of them are dependably available. It is my hope that this will change as they are so nice to work with.

      • profile image


        8 years ago

        I think roses and orchids are available throughout the year . Marigolds are another variety that are available in large blooms.

      • OhMe profile image

        Nancy Tate Hellams 

        8 years ago from Pendleton, SC

        Beautiful photos of the Ten Most Popular Wedding Flowers. I love to see Hydrangeas used either dried or fresh.

      • Sylvestermouse profile image

        Cynthia Sylvestermouse 

        8 years ago from United States

        Fabulous information and all of these flowers are beautiful!

      • vitar profile image


        9 years ago

        Great lens, very informative. Gave you 5 ***** ;)Please stop by and check out my lens Wedding Ceremony. Thanks!

      • norma-holt profile image


        9 years ago

        Lovely lens from a lovely florist. 5* and fav

      • squid-janices7 profile image


        9 years ago

        Great lens with lovely photos and info. Brides can save so much money by choosing flowers that are in season. 5* and lensrolled to my Cheap Wedding Tips lens.

      • Laura Schofield profile image

        Laura Schofield 

        10 years ago from Chicago, IL USA

        You do a fantastic job with the lenses you put together. A total 5 stars: intelligent, concise and well-organized!

      • profile image

        Dianne Loomos 

        10 years ago

        Kudos from a fellow retired florist!

      • profile image


        10 years ago

        Good information!! Lensrolled to my Floral Photography by Floraluniverses lens.

      • profile image


        10 years ago

        Very beautiful lens! Love flowers!

      • profile image


        10 years ago

        Beautiful and informative lens. As I was browsing down the page oohing and ahhing at the flowers I reached your poll and had to pause. Way too hard to pick a favorite! :) Roses are my general favorite but gardenias have great sentimental value for me, too, and I love their smell is heavenly. Nice job!

      • rane84 profile image


        10 years ago

        Informative! Love the pictures! You made me decide on Orchids - when I am to get married, I will def have some of those beautiful white orchids in my bouquet :)


      This website uses cookies

      As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, holidappy.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

      For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://holidappy.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

      Show Details
      HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
      LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
      Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
      AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
      HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
      Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
      CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
      Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
      Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
      PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
      MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
      Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
      Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
      Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
      Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
      Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
      ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
      Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
      ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)